We are involved in research with the aim to remain at the cutting edge of our health services.

Our practitioners have involvement in research that investigates:

  • Tendon Injuries
  • Pars Stress Fractures (Lumbar spine)
  • Ankle Injuries
  • Bone Strength and Exercise
  • Cricket Injuries
  • Prevention of Landing and Falling Injuries in Australian Rules Football
  • Basketball Injuries – Physiotherapy and Psychological Aspects
  • Clinical Education
  • Physiology
  • Sports Nutrition
  • Injury Prevention


Dr Andrew Garnham

  1. Petersen AC, Murphy KT, Snow RJ, Leppik JA, Aughey RJ, Garnham AP, Cameron-Smith D, McKenna MJ. Depressed Na+,K+-ATPase activity in skeletal muscle at fatigue is correlated with increased Na+,K+-ATPase mRNA expression following intense exercise. American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 2005 Mar 24;
  2. Watt KK, Garnham AP, Snow RJ. Skeletal muscle total creatine content and creatine transporter gene expression in vegetarians prior to and following creatine supplementation. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 2004 Oct;14(5):517-31
  3. Watt MJ, Steinberg GR, Chan S, Garnham A, Kemp BE, Febbraio MA. Beta-adrenergic stimulation of skeletal muscle HSL can be overridden by AMPK signaling. The FASEB Journal. 2004 Sep;18(12):1445-6
  4. Aughey RJ, Gore CJ, Hahn AG, Garnham AP, Clark SA, Petersen AC, Roberts AD, McKenna MJ. Chronic intermittent hypoxia and incremental cycling exercise independently depress muscle in-vitro maximal Na+,K+ATPase activity in well-trained athletes. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2004 Mar 19
  5. Murphy KT, Snow RJ, Petersen AC, Murphy RM, Mollica J, Lee JS, Garnham AP, Aughey RJ, Leppik JA, Medved I, Cameron-Smith D, McKenna MJ. Intense exercise up-regulates Na+,K+-ATPase isoform mRNA, but not protein expression in human skeletal muscle. Journal of Physiology 2004 Apr 15;556(Pt 2):507-19
  6. Baldwin J, Snow RJ, Gibala MJ, Garnham A, Howarth K, Febbraio MA. Glycogen availability does not affect the TCA cycle or TAN pools during prolonged, fatiguing exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 94:2181-7, 2003
  7. Russell P, Wadley G, Hesselink C, Schaart G, Lo S, Leger B, Garnham A, Kornips E, Cameron-Smith D, Giacobino JP, Muzzin P, Snow R, Schrauwen P. UCP3 protein expression is lower in type I, IIa and IIx muscle fiber types of endurance-trained compared to untrained subjects. Pflugers Archives, 445:563-9, 2003
  8. Newman JE, Hargreaves M, Garnham A, Snow RJ. Effect of creatine ingestion on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in men. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 35:69-74, 2003
  9. Finch C, Donohue S, Garnham A, Seward H. The playing habits and other commitments of elite junior Australian football players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 5:266-73, 2002
  10. Eime RM, Finch CF, Sherman CA, Garnham AP. Are squash players protecting their eyes. Injury Prevention. 8:239-41, 2002
  11. Finch C, Donohue S, Garnham A. Safety attitudes and beliefs of junior Australian football players. Injury Prevention, 8:151-4, 2002
  12. Russell A., Wadley G, Snow R., Giacobino J.P., Muzzin P., Garnham A., Cameron-Smith D. Slow component of VO2 kinetics: the effect of training status, fibre type, UCP3 mRNA and citrate synthase activity. International Journal of Obesity 26, 157-164, 2002
  13. Walsh RC, Koukoulas I, Garnham A, Moseley PL, Hargreaves M, Febbraio. Exercise increases serum Hsp72 in humans. Cell Stress Chaperones, 6:386-93,2001
  14. Gore C.J., Hahn A.G., Aughey R.J., Martin D.T., Ashenden M.J., Clark S.A., Garnham A.P., Roberts A.D., Slater G.J. and McKenna M.J. Live high: train low increases muscle buffer capacity and submaximal cycling efficiency. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. 173 : 275-286, 2001
  15. Saunders P.U., Watt M.J., Garnham A.P., Spriet L.L., Hargreaves M., and Febbraio M.A. No effect of heat stress on the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism at the onset of exercise. J. Appl. Physiol. 91: 2282-2288, 2001.
  16. Arkinstall MJ, Bruce CR, Nikolopoulos V, Garnham AP, Hawley JA. Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on metabolism during running and cycling. Journal of Applied Physiology, 91:2125-34, 2001
  17. Anderson M.J., Cotter J.D., Garnham A.P., Casley D.J., and Febbaio M.A. Effect of glycerol induced hyperhydration on thermoregulation and metabolism during exercise in the heat. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 11: 315-333, 2001
  18. Finch C, Little C, Garnham A. Quality of life improvements after sports injuries. Injury Control and Safety Promotion. 8: 113-116, 2001
  19. Febbraio M.A., Keenan J., Angus D.J., Campbell S.E., and Garnham A.P. Pre-exercise carbohydrate ingestion, glucose kinetics and muscle glycogen use: effect of glycemic index. Journal of Applied Physiology 89: 1845-1851, 2000
  20. Watt, M.J., A.P. Garnham, M.A. Febbraio and M. Hargreaves. Effect of acute plasma volume expansion on thermoregulation and exercise performance in the heat. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 32: 958-962, 2000.
  21. Watt MJ, Febbraio MA, Garnham AP, Hargreaves M. Acute plasma volume expansion: effect on metabolism during submaximal exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 87:1202-6, 1999
Review articles and chapters in books
  1. Garnham A.P. Pharmacological agents in sport and exercise. In “Physical Therapies in Sport and Exercise” Eds. Kolt G.S. and Snyder-Mackler L.Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh. 2003
  2. Garnham A., Finch C, Salmon J. An Overview of the Epidemiology of Aerobics Injuries International SportMed Journal, 2(2), 2001
  3. Garnham A.P., Injuries to the head, Eye and Ear. In “Science and Medicine in Sport”. Eds. J.Bloomfield, P.A. Fricker and K.D. Fitch. Blackwell Science, Melbourne. Second edition 1995, First edition 1992.


Dr. David Bolzonello

Chapters in books
  1. Bolzonello, D. Sports Medicine. The Role of Exercise in Preventative Medicine. In “Medicina Preventiva. Come Ridurre L’Onere Della Malattia. (Preventative Medicine. Reducing the Burden of Disease).” Eds Mariani A.F. (Bilingual Publication).


Dr. Gaylene McKay

  1. McKay, G.D., Goldie, P.A., Payne, W.R., Oakes, B.W. (2001) Ankle injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors. British Journal of Sports Medicine 35:103-108
  2. McKay, G.D., Goldie, P.A ., Payne, W.R., Oakes, B.W., Watson, L.F. (2001) A prospective study of injuries in basketball: a total profile and comparison by gender and standard of competition. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
  3. McKay, G.D., Payne, W.R., Oakes, B.W., Goldie, P.A., Stanley, J.J. (1996) A comparison of the injuries sustained by female basketball and netball players. The Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 28(1):12-17.


Kim Allison

  1. Allison, K., B. Vicenzino, T. V. Wrigley, A. Grimaldi, P. W. Hodges and K. L. Bennell (2016). "Hip abductor muscle weakness in individuals with gluteal tendinopathy." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 48(3): 346-352.
  2. Allison, K., T. V. Wrigley, B. Vicenzino, K. L. Bennell, A. Grimaldi and P. W. Hodges (2016). "Kinematics and kinetics during walking in individuals with gluteal tendinopathy." Clinical Biomechanics 32: 56-63.
  3. Allison, K., K. L. Bennell, A. Grimaldi, B. Vicenzino and T. V. Wrigley (2016). "Single leg stance control in individuals wiht symptomatic gluteal tendinopathy." Gait & Posture 49: 108-113.


Dr Ebonie Rio (nee Scase)

  1. Rio E, Moseley L, Purdam C, Samiric T, Kidgell D, Pearce AJ, Jaberzadeh S, Cook J. The pain of tendinopathy: physiological or pathophysiological? Sports Med. 2014 Jan;44(1):9-23. doi: 10.1007/s40279-013-0096-z. Review. PubMed PMID: 24027089.
  2. Simpson M, Rio E, Cook J. At What Age Do Children and Adolescents Develop Lower Limb Tendon Pathology or Tendinopathy? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2016 Apr;46(4):545-57. doi: 10.1007/s40279-015-0438-0. Review. PubMed PMID: 26626072.
  3. Rio E, Kidgell D, Purdam C, Gaida J, Moseley GL, Pearce AJ, Cook J. Isometric exercise induces analgesia and reduces inhibition in patellar tendinopathy. Br J Sports Med. 2015 Oct;49(19):1277-83. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094386. Epub 2015 May 15. PubMed PMID: 25979840.
  4. Rio E, Kidgell D, Moseley GL, Cook J. Elevated corticospinal excitability in patellar tendinopathy compared with other anterior knee pain or no pain. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2015 Sep 15. doi: 10.1111/sms.12538. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26369282.
  5. Rio E, Kidgell D, Moseley GL, Gaida J, Docking S, Purdam C, Cook J. Tendon neuroplastic training: changing the way we think about tendon rehabilitation: a narrative review. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Feb;50(4):209-15. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-095215. Epub 2015 Sep 25. PubMed PMID: 26407586; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4752665.
  6. Rio E, Mayes S, Cook J. Heel pain: a practical approach. Aust Fam Physician. 2015 Mar;44(3):96-101. Review. PubMed PMID: 25770572.
  7. Malliaras P, Cook J, Purdam C, Rio E. Patellar Tendinopathy: Clinical Diagnosis, Load Management, and Advice for Challenging Case Presentations. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Nov;45(11):887-98. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2015.5987. Epub 2015 Sep 21. PubMed PMID: 26390269.
  8. van Ark M, Docking SI, van den Akker-Scheek I, Rudavsky A, Rio E, Zwerver J, Cook JL. Does the adolescent patellar tendon respond to 5 days of cumulative load during a volleyball tournament? Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016 Feb;26(2):189-96. doi: 10.1111/sms.12426. Epub 2015 Feb 18. PubMed PMID: 25694241.
  9. Docking SI, Cook J, Rio E. The diagnostic dartboard: is the bullseye a correct pathoanatomical diagnosis or to guide treatment? Br J Sports Med. 2016 Jan 5. pii: bjsports-2015-095484. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-095484. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26733493.
  10. van Ark M, Cook JL, Docking SI, Zwerver J, Gaida JE, van den Akker-Scheek I, Rio E. Do isometric and isotonic exercise programs reduce pain in athletes with patellar tendinopathy in-season? A randomised clinical trial. J Sci Med Sport. 2015 Dec 7. pii: S1440-2440(15)00231-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2015.11.006. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26707957.
  11. Opar DA, Rio E. The juxtaposition of science and medicine in sport. Can we all play together nicely? Br J Sports Med. 2015 May;49(10):640-1. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094819. PubMed PMID: 25926595.
  12. Cook JL, Rio E, Purdam CR, Docking SI. Revisiting the continuum model of tendon pathology: what is its merit in clinical practice and research? Br J Sports Med. 2016 Apr 28. pii: bjsports-2015-095422. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-095422. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 27127294.
  13. Chalmers S, Magarey ME, Scase E. Junior Australian football injury research: are we moving forward? Phys Ther Sport. 2013 Aug;14(3):175-82. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2013.06.001. Review. PubMed PMID: 23867153.
  14. Chalmers S, Magarey ME, Esterman A, Speechley M, Scase E, Heynen M. The relationship between pre-season fitness testing and injury in elite junior Australian football players. J Sci Med Sport. 2013 Jul;16(4):307-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2012.09.005. Epub 2012 Oct 23. PubMed PMID: 23092650.
  15. Docking S, Samiric T, Scase E, Purdam C, Cook J. Relationship between compressive loading and ECM changes in tendons. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2013 May 21;3(1):7-11. doi: 10.11138/mltj/2013.3.1.007. Print 2013 Jan. PubMed PMID: 23885340; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3676165.
  16. Scase E, Magarey ME, Chalmers S, Heynen M, Petkov J, Bailey S. The epidemiology of injury for an elite junior Australian Football cohort. J Sci Med Sport. 2012 May;15(3):207-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2011.12.002. Epub 2012 Jan 4. PubMed PMID: 22222167.
  17. Gabbe BJ, Bailey M, Cook JL, Makdissi M, Scase E, Ames N, Wood T, McNeil JJ, Orchard JW. The association between hip and groin injuries in the elite junior football years and injuries sustained during elite senior competition. Br J Sports Med. 2010 Sep;44(11):799-802. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.062554. Epub 2009 Dec 2. PubMed PMID: 19955159.
  18. Scase E, Cook J, Makdissi M, Gabbe B, Shuck L. Teaching landing skills in elite junior Australian football: evaluation of an injury prevention strategy. Br J Sports Med. 2006 Oct;40(10):834-8; discussion 838. Epub 2006 Aug 18. PubMed PMID: 16920776; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2465083.