We are involved in research with the aim to remain at the cutting edge of our health services.

Our practitioners have been / are involved in research investigating topics such as:

  • Ankle, Back, Knee, Shin, Hip, Gluteal, Shoulder, Tendon & Head pain / injuries
  • Basketball, Football, Dance, Soccer, Cricket & Netball Injuries
  • Exercise & Injury Prevention
  • Sports Nutrition

Dr Andrew Garnham

  1. Petersen AC, Murphy KT, Snow RJ, Leppik JA, Aughey RJ, Garnham AP, Cameron-Smith D, McKenna MJ. Depressed Na+,K+-ATPase activity in skeletal muscle at fatigue is correlated with increased Na+,K+-ATPase mRNA expression following intense exercise. American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 2005 Mar 24;
  2. Watt KK, Garnham AP, Snow RJ. Skeletal muscle total creatine content and creatine transporter gene expression in vegetarians prior to and following creatine supplementation. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 2004 Oct;14(5):517-31
  3. Watt MJ, Steinberg GR, Chan S, Garnham A, Kemp BE, Febbraio MA. Beta-adrenergic stimulation of skeletal muscle HSL can be overridden by AMPK signaling. The FASEB Journal. 2004 Sep;18(12):1445-6
  4. Aughey RJ, Gore CJ, Hahn AG, Garnham AP, Clark SA, Petersen AC, Roberts AD, McKenna MJ. Chronic intermittent hypoxia and incremental cycling exercise independently depress muscle in-vitro maximal Na+,K+ATPase activity in well-trained athletes. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2004 Mar 19
  5. Murphy KT, Snow RJ, Petersen AC, Murphy RM, Mollica J, Lee JS, Garnham AP, Aughey RJ, Leppik JA, Medved I, Cameron-Smith D, McKenna MJ. Intense exercise up-regulates Na+,K+-ATPase isoform mRNA, but not protein expression in human skeletal muscle. Journal of Physiology 2004 Apr 15;556(Pt 2):507-19
  6. Baldwin J, Snow RJ, Gibala MJ, Garnham A, Howarth K, Febbraio MA. Glycogen availability does not affect the TCA cycle or TAN pools during prolonged, fatiguing exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 94:2181-7, 2003
  7. Russell P, Wadley G, Hesselink C, Schaart G, Lo S, Leger B, Garnham A, Kornips E, Cameron-Smith D, Giacobino JP, Muzzin P, Snow R, Schrauwen P. UCP3 protein expression is lower in type I, IIa and IIx muscle fiber types of endurance-trained compared to untrained subjects. Pflugers Archives, 445:563-9, 2003
  8. Newman JE, Hargreaves M, Garnham A, Snow RJ. Effect of creatine ingestion on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in men. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 35:69-74, 2003
  9. Finch C, Donohue S, Garnham A, Seward H. The playing habits and other commitments of elite junior Australian football players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 5:266-73, 2002
  10. Eime RM, Finch CF, Sherman CA, Garnham AP. Are squash players protecting their eyes. Injury Prevention. 8:239-41, 2002
  11. Finch C, Donohue S, Garnham A. Safety attitudes and beliefs of junior Australian football players. Injury Prevention, 8:151-4, 2002
  12. Russell A., Wadley G, Snow R., Giacobino J.P., Muzzin P., Garnham A., Cameron-Smith D. Slow component of VO2 kinetics: the effect of training status, fibre type, UCP3 mRNA and citrate synthase activity. International Journal of Obesity 26, 157-164, 2002
  13. Walsh RC, Koukoulas I, Garnham A, Moseley PL, Hargreaves M, Febbraio. Exercise increases serum Hsp72 in humans. Cell Stress Chaperones, 6:386-93,2001
  14. Gore C.J., Hahn A.G., Aughey R.J., Martin D.T., Ashenden M.J., Clark S.A., Garnham A.P., Roberts A.D., Slater G.J. and McKenna M.J. Live high: train low increases muscle buffer capacity and submaximal cycling efficiency. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. 173 : 275-286, 2001
  15. Saunders P.U., Watt M.J., Garnham A.P., Spriet L.L., Hargreaves M., and Febbraio M.A. No effect of heat stress on the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism at the onset of exercise. J. Appl. Physiol. 91: 2282-2288, 2001.
  16. Arkinstall MJ, Bruce CR, Nikolopoulos V, Garnham AP, Hawley JA. Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on metabolism during running and cycling. Journal of Applied Physiology, 91:2125-34, 2001
  17. Anderson M.J., Cotter J.D., Garnham A.P., Casley D.J., and Febbaio M.A. Effect of glycerol induced hyperhydration on thermoregulation and metabolism during exercise in the heat. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 11: 315-333, 2001
  18. Finch C, Little C, Garnham A. Quality of life improvements after sports injuries. Injury Control and Safety Promotion. 8: 113-116, 2001
  19. Febbraio M.A., Keenan J., Angus D.J., Campbell S.E., and Garnham A.P. Pre-exercise carbohydrate ingestion, glucose kinetics and muscle glycogen use: effect of glycemic index. Journal of Applied Physiology 89: 1845-1851, 2000
  20. Watt, M.J., A.P. Garnham, M.A. Febbraio and M. Hargreaves. Effect of acute plasma volume expansion on thermoregulation and exercise performance in the heat. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 32: 958-962, 2000.
  21. Watt MJ, Febbraio MA, Garnham AP, Hargreaves M. Acute plasma volume expansion: effect on metabolism during submaximal exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 87:1202-6, 1999
Review articles and chapters in books
  1. Garnham A.P. Pharmacological agents in sport and exercise. In “Physical Therapies in Sport and Exercise” Eds. Kolt G.S. and Snyder-Mackler L.Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh. 2003
  2. Garnham A., Finch C, Salmon J. An Overview of the Epidemiology of Aerobics Injuries International SportMed Journal, 2(2), 2001
  3. Garnham A.P., Injuries to the head, Eye and Ear. In “Science and Medicine in Sport”. Eds. J.Bloomfield, P.A. Fricker and K.D. Fitch. Blackwell Science, Melbourne. Second edition 1995, First edition 1992.


Dr. David Bolzonello

  1. Bolzonello D, McKay G. (2016) Better Health Channel: Shoulder Injuries
  2. Milne C, Harcourt P, Bolzonello D. Sports and exercise physicians as medical assessors. Br J Sports Med 2013;47:715-717
Chapters in books
  1. Bolzonello, D. Sports Medicine. The Role of Exercise in Preventative Medicine. In “Medicina Preventiva. Come Ridurre L’Onere Della Malattia. (Preventative Medicine. Reducing the Burden of Disease).” Eds Mariani A.F. (Bilingual Publication).


Dr. Gaylene McKay

  1. McDonald-Wedding L, Goodwin L, Preston A, McKay G, Williams C. Calisthenics: Epidemiology of Injury Patterns and Their Risk Factors. Open Access J Sports Med. 2023;14:47-57
  2. Bolzonello D, McKay G. (2016) Better Health Channel: Shoulder Injuries
  3. McKay, G.D., Goldie, P.A., Payne, W.R., Oakes, B.W. (2001) Ankle injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors. British Journal of Sports Medicine 35:103-108
  4. McKay, G.D., Goldie, P.A ., Payne, W.R., Oakes, B.W., Watson, L.F. (2001) A prospective study of injuries in basketball: a total profile and comparison by gender and standard of competition. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
  5. McKay, G.D., Payne, W.R., Oakes, B.W., Goldie, P.A., Stanley, J.J. (1996) A comparison of the injuries sustained by female basketball and netball players. The Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 28(1):12-17.
Chapters in books
  1. McKay, G.D., Cook, J.L. (2010) Epidemiology of Injury in Olympic Sports: Chapter 6 Basketball pp78-91 Eds Caine Harmer & Schiff. Wiley Blackwell

Dr Sonya Moore

  1. Moore, S.J., Egerton, T., Merolli, M., Lees, J., La Scala, N. & Parry, S.M. Inconsistently reporting post-licensure EPA specifications in different clinical professions hampers fidelity and practice translation: a scoping review. BMC Med Educ 23, 372 (2023). 
  2. Remedios, L., Moore, S. & McGinley, J. (2018) Fully online higher degrees: the NEXT step towards competency milestones in the physiotherapy career pathway? Conference proceedings free paper: The NEXT APA Conference, Hobart.

  3. Moore, S. (2018) Let’s Go Team Guyana – working as a physio at the games. Sport Health - Sports Medicine Australia, vol 36, April Issue.

  4. Moore, S. (2018) 5 minutes with Sonya Moore. Sport Health - Sports Medicine Australia, vol 36, April Issue.

  5. Moore, S. & McGuigan, P. (2016) Functional wavelet resolution of the sEMG frequency spectrum to represent high and low frequency motor unit recruitment in human lower limb muscles. Conference proceedings free paper: Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, Melbourne.

  6. Moore, S., Thompson, T., & McGuigan M.P. (2012) Effect of 5 minutes cold water immersion, warm water immersion and rest on circulating, functional and perceived indices of athlete recovery. Conference proceedings free paper: Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, Sydney.

  7. Moore, S., Thompson, T., & McGuigan M. P. (2012) Water immersion recovery practice in high performance athletes: current practice and the rationale. Conference proceedings free paper: Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, Sydney.

  8. Moore, S. (2008) Embedding the International Federation of Sports Physiotherapy (IFSP) Competencies and Standards within Sports Physiotherapy Masters education. Conference proceedings: 2nd European Congress on Physiotherapy Education, Stockholm.

  9. Moore, S. & Bilham, T. (2008) Sports Physiotherapy: blending online and practice-based education in an innovative postgraduate distance learning programme. Conference proceedings: 2nd European Congress on Physiotherapy Education, Stockholm.

  10. Sonya Moore, Chris Musgrave, Jonathan Sandler, Ben Bradley, Jennifer R.A. Jones. Early intervention treatment in the first 2 weeks following concussion in adults: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials.

Dr Liam West

  1. Verhagen, E., Oliveira, F., Ahmed, O. H., Anderson, N., Badenhorst, M., Bekker, S., Belavy, D. L., Blake, T., Cao, C., Carrard, J., Chen, L., Cheng, S. W. M., Edouard, P., Harwood, A., Hendricks, S., Hespanhol, L., Kearney, R., Keohane, D., Magnani, R., Mah, D., Mavros, Y., McLeary, N., Memon, A. R., Moholdt, T., Azevedo, A. M., Nauta, J., Nicol, G., Noorbhai, H., Ogbonmwan, I., Owen, P. J., Perera, N. P., Reiman, M., Resende, R., Robinson, D. G., Rojas-Valverde, D., Sewry, N., Statuta, S., van Nassau, F., West, L. R., Wheeler, P. C., Xiao, T., & Pandya, T.  (2021). Let us introduce ourselves, #WeAreBOSEM. Editorial. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 7:e001171. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2021-001171, https://bit.ly/3z77CH1 

  2. West, L. R. & Kemp, J. (2021). Expanding the sport and exercise medicine online community and quality international education: join the SMA journey in 2021! Warm Up. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55, 407-408 https://bit.ly/33uu5An 

  3. Mosler, A. B., & West, L. R. (2020). Sports Medicine Australia and COVID-19: providing ‘virtual’ support to the sports community. Warm Up. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 54, 881-882 https://bit.ly/33uu5An 

  4. Mosler, A. B., & West, L. R. (2020). Showcasing the brightest minds from Australia and beyond: come to Melbourne for Sports Medicine Australia’s annual conference (14–17 October 2020). Warm Up. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 54, 433-434 https://bit.ly/2XlZEJ4 

  5. Bergeron, M., West, L. R., & Stamatakis, E. (2019). Ready. Set. Move! Sports Medicine Australia advocates movement as medicine for all! Warm Up. British Journal of Sports Medicine,53, 985 https://bit.ly/2U1l243 

  6. Bergeron, M., Duncan, M. J, & West, L. R., (2019). Focus on the “E” in SEM. Sports Medicine Australia Invites you to the Sunshine Coast on 23-26 October 2019. Warm Up. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53, (8) 457-458 https://bit.ly/2U2dAFX 

  7. Ahmed, O. H., Defoe, J., West, L. R., & Blake, T. (2018). Creating the dream team: introducing participatory sports and exercise medicine via ‘Patient Voices’. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52, 1547-1548 https://bit.ly/2U0G6b2 

  8. West, L. R., & Pham, L. (2018). Quality International Education and Academic Prizes: SMA’s Annual Conference in Perth has it all! Warm Up. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52, 881 https://bit.ly/2yUtOcR 

  9. West, L. R., Pham, J. (2018). Unapologetically patriotic – SMA shines the BJSM spotlight on Australian Research. Warm Up. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52, (5) 283 http://bit.ly/2HMmVsP 

  10. West, L. R., Griffin, S., Weiler, R., Win, K., & Ahmed, O. H. (2017). Under utilisation of concussion assessment tools by sports clinicians working in cerebral palsy football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 20(3), 32. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.09.255 

  11. Nambiar, M., West, L. R., & Bingham, R. (2017). AO Surgery Reference: a comprehensive guide for management of fractures. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51, 545-546 http://bit.ly/2vke9Ml 

  12. Griffin, S., West, L.R., Ahmed, O.H., & Weiler, R. (2017). Concussion knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs amongst sports medicine personnel at the 2015 cerebral palsy football world championships, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51:325. http://bit.ly/2v9pvn0 

  13. West, L.R., Griffin, S., Weiler, R., & Ahmed, O. H. (2017). Management of concussion in disability sport: a different ball game? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51, 1050-1051 http://bit.ly/2vYJhTm 

  14. West, L. R., & Griffin, S. (2016). Sport and exercise medicine in the UK: what juniors should know to get ahead. British Journal of Sports Medicine, bjsports-2016-096631 Published Online First: 8 October 2016 http://bit.ly/2wsIbSP 

  15. West, L. R. (2015). Strava: challenge yourself to greater heights in physical activity/cycling and running. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49, 1024 http://bit.ly/2g0JMsc 

  16. West, L. R., Malliaropoulos, N., & De Jonge, S. (2014). ECOSEP: Bringing the European SEM family together. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48, 1585 http://bit.ly/2x7JZhf 

  17. Haswell, O., West, L. R., Savill, B., Whitham, R., & Martin, R. (2014). The effect of British summer time on outdoor physical activity. The Lancet, Meeting Abstracts, Volume 384, S35http://bit.ly/2x89dMC 

  18. Fortes, M. B., Di Felice, U., Dolci, A., Junglee N. A., Crockford, M. J., West, L. R., Hillier-Smith, R., Macdonald, J. H. and Walsh, P. (2013). Muscle damaging exercise increases heat strain during subsequent exercise heat stress. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(10), 1915-24 http://bit.ly/2xn8wyj 

  19. West, L. R. (2013). Sport and exercise medicine in the undergraduate curriculum. Are we inspiring the next generation of sport and exercise medicine doctors and helping them overcome the barriers they face getting into the specialty? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(11), 664-5 http://bit.ly/2vTqZ7w 

    Chapters in books
    1. Chapter 47 – Working and Travelling with Teams. In; Clinical Sports Medicine, 5th Edition. Brukner & Khan 

    Dr Samantha May

    1. May, S., Locke, S., & Kingsley, M. (2021). Reliability of ultrasonographic measurement of muscle architecture of the gastrocnemius medialis and gastrocnemius lateralis. PLoS One, 16(9), e0258014. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0258014
    2. May, S., Locke, S., & Kingsley, M. (2021). Gastrocnemius muscle architecture in elite basketballers and cyclists: a cross-sectional cohort study. Front Sports Act Living, 3, 768-846.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2021.768846

    Sam Pietsch

    1. Ruddy JD, Pietsch S, Maniar N, Cormack SJ, Timmins RG, Williams MD, Carey DL, Opar DA. Session Availability as a Result of Prior Injury Impacts the Risk of Subsequent Non-contact Lower Limb Injury in Elite Male Australian Footballers. Front Physiol. 2019 Jun 14;10:737. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2019.00737. PMID: 31275159; PMCID: PMC6593276.
    2. RUDDY, JOSHUA D.1; CORMACK, STUART1; TIMMINS, RYAN G.1; SAKADJIAN, ALEX2; PIETSCH, SAMUEL2; CAREY, DAVID L.3; WILLIAMS, MORGAN D.4; OPAR, DAVID A.1. Factors that Impact Self-reported Wellness Scores in Elite Australian Footballers. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 52(6):p 1427-1435, June 2020. | DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002244
    3. Pietsch S, Pizzari T. Risk Factors for Quadriceps Muscle Strain Injuries in Sport: A Systematic Review. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2022 Jun;52(6):389-400. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2022.10870. PMID: 35647880.

    Dr Victoria Forsdick

    1. Forsdick, VK., Harris, R., Saw, R., Hayman, M., Buckling, H., Sundgot-Borgen, J., Hughes, D., and Panagodage Perera NK. Exploring Australian high-performance athletes’ perceptions and experiences of sport participation during pregnancy and post-pregnancy: Development and test-retest reliability of the Mum-Alete Survey. Physical Therapy in Sport, 2022. 58:80-86

    2. Fleischl, W., Meredith, I., Cuss, A., Forsdick, V., and Warrier, S. The role of indocyanine green laser angiography in implant-based breast reconstruction: A systematic review [abstract only]. The Breast, 2020, 50(1):156

    3. Forsdick, VK., Tan Tanny, SP., and King, SK. Medical and Surgical Management of Pediatric Perianal Crohn’s Disease: A Systematic Review. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 2019, 54(12):2445-2558

    4. D’Udekem, Y., Forsdick, V. and du Plessis, K. Involvement of patients and parents in research generated by the Australian and New Zealand Fontan Registry. Cardiology in the Young, 2017, 17:1-5

    5. Huang, L., Dalziel, KM., Schilling, C., Celermajer, DS., McNeil, JJ., Winlaw, D., Gentles, T., Radford, DJ., Cheung, M., Bullock, A., Wheaton, GR., Justo, RN., Selbie, LA, Forsdick, V., du Plessis, K., and d’Udekem, Y. Hospital costs and cost implications of co-morbid conditions for patients with single ventricle in the period through to Fontan Completion. International Journal of Cardiology, 2017, 1;240:178-182

    6. Cairns, T., Shi, W., Iyengar, A., Nisbet, A., Forsdick, V., Zannino, D., Gentles, T., Radford, DJ., Justo, R., Celermajer, D., Bullock, A., Winlaw, D., Wheaton, G., Grigg, L., and d’Udekem, Y. Long-term Outcomes after First-onset arrhythmia in Fontan Physiology. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2016 ,152(52):1355-1363

    7. Forsdick, V., Iyengar, A., Cairns, T., Gentles, T., Weintraub, R., Celermajer, D., and d’Udekem, Y. Unsatisfactory early and late outcomes after Fontan surgery delayed to adolescence and adulthood. Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2015, 20;27(2):168-74

    8. D’Udekem, Y., Iyengar, A., Galati, J., Weintraub, R., Wheaton, G., Bullock, A., Justo, R., Grigg, L., Hope, S., Forsdick, V., Radford, D., Gentles, T., Celermajer, D., and Winlaw, D. Circulation, 20145, 130:S32-S38